As caretakers of children, family and community, it was natural that women were the nurses, the caregivers, as human society evolved. The History of Nursing. Soon after we entered the twenty-first century sufficient evidence of theory-based practice existed to declare a theory utilization era ( Alligood, 2010 ). Florence Nightingale - Nursing Theorist. It could be said that nursing is as old as mankind since people have always needed nursing care when ill or wounded. This article discusses the concept of evidence-based practice from a historical perspective as it relates to nursing in the educational and practice domains. Nursing may be the oldest known profession, as some nurses were paid for their services from the beginning. Nursing is now in the era of theory utilization—nurses using philosophies, models, and theories for theory-based nursing practice. The word nurse is derived from the Anglo-French nurice and the Latin nutrica, both of which mean nourish.This is exactly what nurses have always done. from Benedictine College in Atchison, Kansas, and in 1954, Her work was instrumental for developing modern nursing practice, and from her first shift, she worked to ensure patients in her care had what they needed to get healthy. Her Environmental Theory changed the face of nursing to create sanitary conditions for patients to get care. The development of the theory of transcultural nursing is based on the defining and redefining of concepts to give them a focus that emphasise the essence of care in its cultural context, with both the culture specific and … With an increased number of researches it became obvious that the research without theory produced isolated information; however research and theory produced the nursing sciences. Leininger has defined concepts as they apply to nursing. ... an uncommonly low number in an era before germ theory was understood. The four fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing theory were advanced in 1978 by Barbara A. Carper, R.N., Ed.D., Associate Professor and Chairman of the Division of Medical Surgical Nursing of the College of Nursing at Texas Women's University in Dallas. Evidence-based practice is foundational to undergraduate and graduate nursing education and is a way for the nursing discipline to minimize the theory to practice gap. Nursing, profession that assumes responsibility for the continuous care of the sick, the injured, the disabled, and the dying.Nursing is also responsible for encouraging the health of individuals, families, and communities in medical and community settings. This gives nurses the opportunity to organize principles that will help evaluate patient care and improve the nursing interventions based on the evaluation findings. It explains mental processes as they are influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors, which eventually bring about learning in an individual (Aliakbari,Parvin,Heidari,&Haghani, 2015, Abstract). Madeleine Leininger was an inspiration for nurses everywhere. Cognitivism is the other main learning theory and the one that most aligns with my nursing education. In 1950, she received her B.S. Nurses are actively involved in health care research, management, policy deliberations, and patient advocacy. Applying theory to nursing practice has many advantages for the nurses and the profession. She was born in Sutton, Nebraska but received her diploma in nursing from St. Anthony's School of Nursing in Denver, Colorado. The development of the theory era was a natural outgrowth of the research era. Florence Nightingale is the most recognized name in the field of nursing. Nurses were paid for their services from the beginning is as old as mankind since people have always needed care... 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