[3] St Augustine, Sermon 18 de Sanctis. When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child, of the Holy Ghost. (Collect for Circumcision), Spiritual Fruit: Piety | Devotion to the duties of our state of lifeSpiritual Work of Mercy: Counsel the Doubtful, Instruct the Ignorant, O LORD Jesus Christ, Who, being subject to Mary and Joseph, didst sanctify home life with ineffable virtues, grant that, with the aid of both, we may be taught by the example of Thy Holy Family, and attain to eternal fellowship with them. 41.—And it came to Pass when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, &c. Notice with S. Ambrose, that Elizabeth was the first to hear the salutation of Mary but John was the first to perceive the spirit and effect of her salutation; for to him, as the future forerunner of Christ, this salutation of the Virgin, yea, even of Christ, was chiefly directed. When this had been read out in the presence of all, it was agreed that it had been well made and was correct. 44 For behold as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in my ears, the infant in my womb leaped for joy. In short, in my Temple He clothed Himself spiritually with the priestly garments in which He offered sacrifice for the world.”. viii. Joyful Mysteries. Now, the ox is the Jew under the yoke of the Law; and the ass is an animal fitted for bearing burdens,—the Gentile groaning under the grievous burden of idolatry. 9, how delightful the name of Mary is to the angels, and how terrible to demons. Any who dare to compose or bring forth or produce another creed for the benefit of those who wish to turn from Hellenism or Judaism or some other heresy to the knowledge of the truth, if they are, In the same way if any should be discovered, whether bishops, clergy or laity, thinking or teaching the views expressed in his statement by the priest, the manner of the incarnation of the only begotten Son of God —. Again I should like to expand on this but am restrained by the memory of my promise. 19 But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart. Luke 2:21 And after eight days were accomplished, that the child should be circumcised, his name was called JESUS, which was called by the angel, before he was conceived in the womb. In our lives too, God gives us spiritual friendships and soul-mates who help us grow closer to him. 9 And behold an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the brightness of God shone round about them; and they feared with a great fear. 53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away. Something similar is true of his dying. Through the bowels of My compassion have I “the Dayspring from on high” visited thee; I have joined in one person the Word with flesh, a spirit with the slime of earth, God with man, and most intimate have I made the union. The King of the universe enters the world in extreme poverty, His body placed on itchy straw, between two brute beasts, in the manger, as a model for all to live in complete detachment from the things in the world. 47, implies that, at His birth, Christ came of His own accord into the hands of His sweet Virgin Mother, and this may be piously believed with great probability. 21. Ribadaneira says that there is a tradition to the effect that the Blessed Virgin, as soon as she saw Christ, struck with wonder at God made Man, prostrated herself on the ground before Him, and, with the deepest reverence and joy of heart, saluted Him with the words, Thou art come to one who has longed for Thee, my God! And it was this word that God wished to hear, so that through the profession of her virginity she might merit to become the Mother of God. Elizabeth was filed with the Holy Spirit and cried out in a loud voice: “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb…The moment your greeting sounded in my ears, the babe in my womb leapt for joy. If you are praying for a sick friend and you are praying the Glorious Mysteries, as you pray the first Mystery, you can ask Jesus to help your friend to rise up from her sickness, just as He rose up from the dead. This is our advice from a brother to a brother. Mary has taught us to say Fiat to God. Luke 2:22, 34, 35. The Blessed Virgin is more mother and more connected to Jesus than any mother to her child, for all other children have both a father and a mother, whereas Christ received all of his human substance solely from his mother Mary. Learn, morally, of what advantage the salutation and prayers of the Saints are, and especially of the Blessed Virgin, who by one word of salutation filled both John and Elizabeth with the Holy Spirit. In answer to Scaliger’s argument, it may be urged that in warm climates, such as Palestine, flocks stay in the fields even in winter; whether in the open air, or in sheds prepared for the purpose, such as there doubtless would have been in “the Tower of Edar.” So in Italy one sees sheep and cattle feeding on the plains the whole winter. Luke 1:28, 31, 38. Why does he allow a loving heart to be pierced with loss? Email. For women are either virgins or widows, or living in matrimony. . Now it had become a life, a beautiful baby. Luke 2:6-7. Mary is accepting to walk into a mystery. Cornelious Lapide, The Great Biblical Commentary, Gospel of St Luke Chapter 2, v. 43. If the number of those who are distressed is very large, then surely we should use every skill and care to remove scandals and to expound the healthy word of faith to those who seek the truth. Moreover; S. Ambrose says, “She was the first to give her salutation; for the more chaste a virgin is, the more humble she ought to be, and the more ready to give way to her elders. . Symbolically, these five shekels stood for the five wounds of Christ, with which, as with a price, He redeems the human race. Prayed on Mondays and Saturdays. Still further, if He had taken nothing of Mary, He would never have availed Himself of those kinds of food which are derived from the earth, by which that body which has been taken from the earth is nourished; nor would He have hungered, fasting those forty days, like Mosesand Elias, unless His body was craving after its own proper nourishment; nor, again, would John His disciple have said, when writing of Him, But Jesus, being wearied with the journey, was sitting [to rest]; John 4:6 nor would David have proclaimed of Him beforehand, They have added to the grief of my wounds; nor would He have wept over Lazarus, nor have sweated great drops of blood; nor have declared, My soul is exceeding sorrowful; Matthew 26:38 nor, when His side was pierced, would there have come forth blood and water. And it is another rich mystery of meditation… so much to pray and think about: Mary and Joseph’s utter panic… the day and a half it would have taken them to return to Jerusalem, and the ongoing fear in their hearts at having lost the Christ child. What then are the words in which your remarkable teaching finds expression ? [7] Ibid. Say ten Hail Marys while meditating on the Mystery. Moreover she was a type, says S. Ambrose, of the Blessed Virgin, who is called Mary, that is the Mistress and Lady of the sea of this world, that she may lead us through it in safety to the promised land, that is heaven. Wherefore, under the title of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin, many congregations have been instituted for visiting the poor and the sick, and those in prison, and recently under this title S. Francis of Sales, Bishop of Geneva, has instituted a congregation of religious women, who are well known throughout France, for ministering to the sick. In accordance with this design, Mary the Virgin is found obedient, saying, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to your word. If anyone does not confess that the flesh of the Lord is life-giving and belongs to the Word from God the Father, but maintains that it belongs to another besides him, united with him in dignity or as enjoying a mere divine indwelling, and is not rather life-giving, as we said, since it became the flesh belonging to the Word who has power to bring all things to life, let him be anathema. Ask her to help you trust that even if the path ahead is full of crosses, God will be walking with you. 10. In the Greek φυλάσσντες φυλακάς—keeping watch through the four watches of the night to guard their flocks lest they might be pillaged by wolves or robbers. Shaun McAfee writes that each passing Advent helps him to consider the conditions and anxieties of the first Christmas, which is why praying the Joyful Mysteries with heartfelt contemplation comes as a timely advantage. Luke 2:41 And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch, 42 And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast, 43 And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not. Reflection: All of the joyful mysteries are somehow tinged with sorrow, but they are also touched with light and glory. cap. From the moment of her Immaculate Conception, God prepared Mary to be the mother of the Incarnate Word. We are further confirmed in our view by the words of our holy spiritual teachers. A golden progeny from heaven descends”, With reason, then, does S. Augustine exclaim, “0 miracles! Such a confession is noble and worthy of the gospel traditions. This point has been treated in what has been said on v. 7 of the present chapter. 5 And the light shineth in darkness: and the darkness did not comprehend it. Photo Credit: Flickr/Eddy Mulyono. He did not cast aside what he was, but although he assumed flesh and blood, he remained what he was, God in nature and truth. When these documents had been read out, the holy synod decreed the following. While praying a scriptural rosary, you read the provided scripture verse either before, after or while praying Hail Mary prayer. For however one may try to live, it is impossible to escape the malice of evil people, whose mouths are full of cursing and bitterness and who will have to defend themselves before the judge of all. They encountered a man named Simeon whom the Holy Spirit said would not experience death until he had seen the Anointed One. The Annunciation Jesus came because Mary surrendered to God. The Second Joyful Mystery: The Visitation What is even more important is that the devil hates the rosary. 3. The body therefore is the temple of the deity of the Son, a temple which is united to it in a high and divine conjunction, so that the divine nature accepts what belongs to the body as its own. Saying “Yes” to Jesus’ invitation to allow Him into our Lives. These can be used during or immediately before praying in order to direct and greatly deepen one’s meditation. With reference to the question whether the Blessed Virgin suffered this impurity, S. Jerome (Ep. “And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us.”, Mary’s cousin Elizabeth who was barren in her old age conceives a son named John who is prophesied to “be filled with the Holy Ghost even from his mother’s womb.”. S. Jerome (Serm. 3, “The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master’s crib,”—such is the explanation given on these passages by S. Jerome, Nazianzen, Cyril, Paulinus, and others, quoted by Baronius. 7. Let us hear Him as He teaches us from His Manger-Throne,—teaching not by word but by example.” I, who with three of my fingers poise the earth’s vast mass, I who did create heaven and earth, the King of Glory and Lord of Majesty, beneath whom the columns of heaven tremble, and they that bear the globe are bowed down,—I, for love of thee alone, 0 man, to deliver thee from thy sin and from the eternal flames of hell, and to bring thee to the happiness of heaven, have come “leaping upon the mountains, bounding over the hills;”—from heaven have I leapt down upon earth, from the bosom of the Father to the Virgin’s womb. Cornelious Lapide, The Great Biblical Commentary, Gospel of St Luke Chapter 1, v. 44. To congratulate her kinswoman on the miraculous conception of John. But when we say that our lord Jesus Christ came from heaven and above, we do not apply such expressions as “from above” and “from heaven” to his holy flesh. behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. His poverty, therefore, is my heritage, and the weakness of my Lord is my strength.”, A fourth reason is that we could not conceive the idea of God, who is a pure and uncreated spirit, so God clothed Himself in our flesh that we might see Him with our eyes and hear Him with our cars. Passing over the various opinions on the subject recorded by Baronius and others, we may note that the place of Christ’s birth was not the stable belonging to some rustic dwelling, but a cave hewn out of a rock at the eastern end of the city of Bethlehem. 3. 49 Therefore, as we have borne the image of the earthly, let us bear also the image of the heavenly. These paintings of the mysteries of the Rosary are superb and so it must be brought to life. If anyone does not confess that Emmanuel is God in truth, and therefore that the holy virgin is the mother of God (for she bore in a fleshly way the Word of God become flesh, let him be anathema. . (The other two are the Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary and the Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary. The Joyful Mysteries remind the faithful of Christ’s birth: The Annunciation (Luke 1:26–38); The Visitation (Luke 1:39–56); The Nativity (Luke 2:1–21); The Presentation (Luke 2:22–38); The Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41–52). It is included here, together with Cyril’s letter in which he at some length praises John’s profession and accepts it, adding to it some explanation about his own expressions; this letter is mentioned in the definition of Chalcedon. In the old law the woman bearing a child was unclean, with a natural, a legal, and a moral uncleanness; but especially because she bore a child whom she conceived in original sin. Gratia plena, Vulgate, full of grace. “The Word having been conceived in the mind,” Bede says, “we must ascend to the heights of virtue along the way of love; and the city of Judah, i.e. Then they build on that foundation the tradition of the incarnation and resurrection and passion. ” Consider a further piece of evidence: “Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. But if any discussion should arise in connexion with the present business among the most godly bishops Valerian, Amphilochius and the other reverent bishops in the province, and if something difficult or ambiguous crops up, then in such a case it seems good that the godly bishops of Lycia and Lycaonia should be brought in, and the metropolitan of whatever province these choose should not be left out. All these maintain that this leaping of John was not only supernatural, but showed an active use of reason, and proceeded from true joyfulness of mind; and this is clear from the words of Elizabeth; The babe leaped in my womb for joy. Although Andrew, Bishop of Jerusalem, in a sermon on the Annunciation, thinks that the angel secretly opened the door and modestly saluted the Virgin. We do not permit anyone in any way to upset the defined faith or the creed drawn up by the holy fathers who assembled at Nicaea as the times demanded. 3 All things were made by him: and without him was made nothing that was made. Was God then swifter than the angel, so that He outstripped him and reached the earth before His swift messenger? 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