They needed timbers for their ships and the Cedar woods made them the “first sea trading nation in the world”. All early modern travellers' accounts of the wild cedars of Lebanon appear to refer to the Bsharri cedars.[1]. Explore these northern Lebanon cities with an expert guide before discovering the Cedars of Lebanon, a stunning grove of cedar trees that represent the country. These efforts will only be appreciable in a few decades due to the slow growth of cedars. In the north, near Tripoli, the Coastal Plain is The Orontes River flows northward into Syria, while the Litani River flows southward, emptying into the sea just north of Tyre. In the ancient shipwreck off the Uluburun promontory of Turkey, nearly all of the boards of the hull were made of Lebanese cedar. Amazon.com and Lebanon in Pictures! the 2nd millennium B.C. This passage is a prime example of how ancient Lebanon used these cedars to establish international relationships through trade. The cedar forests in the Esh-Shouf Cedar Reserve make up about 25 percent of all remaining cedars in Lebanon. Ah, the stately cedars of Lebanon. As they fought with Humbaba, "they whirled around in circles. IN THE SOUTH IS THE TOWERING MT. Phoenicians used these trees to build their extensive navy, as well as trade and build their mighty civilization. I also went about this place to look for young ones, but could find none at all". The timber was to be used in the construction of a ceremonial barge of the great Amon-Re, king of the gods. Example verses include: P. Belon, De Arboribus Coniferis. cedars of Lebanon. In vs. 8-9 Hiram answers King Solomon. As the map of Lebanon descends down the eastern slopes of Mount Lebanon, the Beqa Valley summons from below. Prices are moderate for an imported lumber. 27:5; 31:3) and Hosea (Hos. [16][17][18] In the Hebrew text it is named Hebrew: ארז‎ and in the Greek text (LXX) it is named Greek: κέδρου. Five thousand years ago, cedar forests … I measured one of the largest, and found it twelve yards six inches in girt, and yet sound; and thirty seven yards in the spread of its boughs. Just 40 minutes outside of Nashville, Cedars of Lebanon State Park features gorgeous limestone glades, beautiful forest, and rare plants. NEARBY TO THE NORTH IS THE ANCIENT & MYSTERIOUS SITE OF BAALBEK, WITH ITS MONOLITHIC STONES AND ANCIENT TEMPLES. Lebanon, a mountain range in the north of Palestine. The Cedar Forest of ancient Mesopotamian religion appears in several sections of the Epic of Gilgamesh. Inhabiting the western coast of Lebanon were the Phoenicians. They also impacted the history of Palestine through their Byblos is mentioned in at least two ancient Egyptian texts. Lebanon is to prove a boomerang. THE MAP OF LEBANON INCLUDES SNOW CAPPED PEAKS, DESERT IN THE SOUTHEAST & LUSH, FERTILE GREEN COAST LANDS. Cedrus libani, the cedar of Lebanon or Lebanon cedar (Arabic: أرز لبناني‎), is a species of tree in the pine family Pinaceae, native to the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean basin. The park is named for eastern red cedar trees found throughout the area. The shoreline was rocky in the north, and sandy in the south. Share with us your insight, thoughts, comments, and questions! Lebanon’s densest cedar forest, the Tannourine Cedars Forest Nature Reserve, has lost more than 7 percent of its trees to insect infestations unknown before 1997. This was the supply of their prized cedars of Lebanon. Cedars of Lebanon reach 125 feet high. They are celebrated in the Bible as the tree of choice for the great Jerusalem temple built by Solomon with the help of his Phoenician friend Hiram, the king of Tyre. However, compared to the vast ancient forests, the number of Lebanese cedars today is small. The Lebanon Cedar is mentioned 103 times in the Bible. The ancient Egyptians used it for the construction of boats, among other things. Have you ever been there? The western border of Lebanon is the Mediterranean Sea. However, Lebanon is still widely known for its cedar tree history, as they are the emblem of the country and the symbol of the Lebanese flag. [3][4] The Phoenicians used the Cedars for their merchant fleets. There was a… I Kings 5:6 makes mention of cutting "cedars from Lebanon" The Cedar of Lebanon: Culture, History, and Ecology Among the native tree species present in Lebanon, the most famous, most treasured species both nationally and internationally is the Cedar of Lebanon, known scientifically as the Cedrus libani.The Cedar of Lebanon is cited numerous times in religion and mythology. Because of its significance the word Cedar is mentioned 75 times (Cedar 51 times, Cedars 24 times) in the Bible. In the Ugaritic myth, The Tale of Aqhat, Aqhat the Youth answers the warrior-goddess Anath; In a document from Ashurnasirpal II (883-859) entitled Expedition to the Lebanon, the king of Assyria brags how he; "ascended  the mountains of the Amanus and cut down the logs of cedars..", A few lines later King Ashurnasirpal II reveals how "the cedar beams from the Amanus mountain I destined for the temple of Esarra for the construction of a sanctuary as a building for festivals serving the temples of Sin and Shamash, the light giving gods.". Reforestation efforts are … Within the history of Palestine, Israel and Phoenicia developed a The Lebanese Civil War (1975-2005) was a lengthy and destructive civil war that occurred in Lebanon during the late 20th century. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. Do you live in Lebanon? Egypt, kings from Assyria, Babylon and far-flung reaches of the ancient They are always green. 2:13; 14:8), Ezekiel (Ez. However, these mountains are not as fertile, or productive, as Click to Listen to the Show (24 MB MP3) My biggest fear in Lebanon is that if the Shiat community takes a major blow, and if the Lebanese government caves to the demands of Israel and the United States, I fear that a bigger and broader sectarian fault line could emerge and wrack the country apart. this range in the particular the famed timber was harvested. The Egyptians valued their timber for shipbuilding, and in the Ottoman Empire their timber was used to construct railways. Abraham and Sarah entered Canaan without any idea about the land, the people, the religions, or the cultures which dominated Canaan. Deuteronomy 1:7 . INTERESTINGLY, ENOCH REVEALED THE WATCHERS WHO DESCENDED FROM HEAVEN FIRST LANDED ON MT HERMAN. Palestine trade flowed between the regions. They also used the resin in their mummification process. No other tree grows in the valley in which they are situated and it is generally so covered with snow as to be only accessible in summer".[8]. It was once said that a battle occurred between the demigods and the humans over the beautiful and divine forest of Cedar trees near southern Mesopotamia. spoke of the cedars of Lebanon in their prophecies. (Job 40:17), "The priest shall take cedarwood and hyssop and scarlet stuff, and cast them into the midst of the burning of the heifer" (Numbers 19:6), "The voice of the Lord breaks the cedars; the Lord breaks in pieces the cedars of Lebanon" (Psalm 29:5), "The righteous flourish like the palm tree and grow like the cedar in Lebanon" (Psalm 92:12), "I will put in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia, the myrtle, and the olive" (Isaiah 41: 19), "Behold, I will liken you to a cedar in Lebanon, with fair branches and forest shade" (Ezekiel 31:3), "The trees of the Lord are watered abundantly, the cedars of Lebanon that he planted." 2 Kings 19:23 ESV / 34 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. “The Cedar of Lebanon.” Torreya, vol. a total of 75 miles from north to south. The life of Adam and Eve revolved around daily existence in Paradise. Now Available in Print & eBook on Amazon!! This book is a visually beautiful, and intellectually The Phoenicians, Israelites, Egyptians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Romans, Arabs, and Turks used their timber. Over the centuries, cedar wood was exploited by the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Romans, Arabs, and Turks. . This is the case on the slopes of Mount Makmel that tower over the Kadisha Valley, where the Cedars of God are found at an altitude of more than 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Cedar of Lebanon is a slow grower, growing only around10” a year when young, under ideal situations. At one time, vast forests of these graceful trees covered the mountains of Lebanon and the eastern Mediterranean region. It was at Mt. The cedar tree of Lebanon, which is featured on the modern flag of Lebanon, was prized because of its high-quality, fragrant timber. Spanning 1995 to … 2. In 1998, the Cedars of God were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. 287–292. The organization was chartered and incorporated under the laws of the state of Texas on December 4, 1948 as the Cedars of Lebanon of Tyler, Texas - also known as The Cedars of Lebanon, Inc. Pharaohs from ancient The needlelike, three-sided, rigid leaves are… Click on the link below to visit King David invaded this region, taking over the rich copper Shouf Cedar Reserve. It was from The Eastern temples. the great Phoenician ports. [13] In 1738 Richard Pococke provided a detailed description. Four trees have reached a height of 35 metres (115 ft), with their trunks reaching 12–14 metres (39–46 ft).[2]. The Cedar of Lebanon: Culture, History, and Ecology Among the native tree species present in Lebanon, the most famous, most treasured species both nationally and internationally is the Cedar of Lebanon, known scientifically as the Cedrus libani.The Cedar of Lebanon is cited numerous times in religion and mythology. Later in their journey they stood at the Cedar Forest's edge. We are a chapter of the Barbershop Harmony Society.. Our director is the wonderful Bob Ramsey, who inspires us to reach new heights with each performance. Although taller than most trees, pines in many regions reach twice that height. Cedars of God Bcharre Located just eight kilometers from Bcharre, The Cedars is one of Lebanon’s most beautiful nature reserves and home to the oldesr Cedar Forest. Brief History of the Cedars of Lebanon This organization has provided over 70 years of service and contribution to the Tyler, TX, community. horizon. Cedars of Lebanon sawdust was also discovered in some of the tombs of the Pharaohs. Rome, Africa, and other countries throughout the Great Sea. Wail, O cypress, for the cedar has fallen, for the glorious trees are ruined! [5] The Egyptians used cedar resin for the mummification process and the cedar wood for some of “their first hieroglyph bearing rolls of papyrus”. In some instances, such as the one between Hiram and Solomon, the cedars were tied together in rafts and transported down the coast to predetermined ports. Great forests of cedars of Lebanon (Cedrus libani), for example, were virtually eliminated during early historic times in lumbering operations for such purposes as the construction of King Solomon’s great temple and palace. Perhaps In v. 6 Solomon asks Hiram to honor the relationship and send him cedars from Lebanon to build the Temple and his palace. ) "The trees of the Lord drink their fill, the cedars of Lebanon which He planted,". The Esh-Shouf Cedar Reserve was established in 1996, and is the largest of Lebanon’s nature reserves. fruits and vegetables. safety in the high altitudes from marauding invaders. This is the privacy policy for www.israel-a-history-of.com, I consider myself a Yahshuan (Son of Yahweh). H. Maundrell, A journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem at Easter A.D. 1697, reprinted Beirut: Khayats 1963, p.191; also 6th ed. Their ships scoured the Mediterranean waters. Cedars of Lebanon State Park is located in Wilson County and is part of the Cedars of Lebanon State Forest. At the end of this partiulcar episode, Gilgamesh and Enkidu, like King Hiram would later for King Solomon, tied together a raft from the cedars of Lebanon and "steered it while Gilgamesh held the head of Humbaba.". These the Archbishop of Damascus has endeavoured to prove to be the same that Solomon planted with his own hands in the quincunx manner as they now stand. Gilgamesh and Enkidu captured Humbaba, Guardian of the Cedar Forest. 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