The Iliad is about revenge, forgiveness and the horrors of war. But the one major theme that is portrayed throughout the Iliad is 'Glory.' What is the implication of this statement: "The Trojan women have gone to Athena's temple to make supplications"? This article was most recently revised and updated by J.E. The central setting for Homer's The Iliad is the Trojan War, the 10-year siege on the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or "Kleos", that is to be honored and respected among their people. © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 2, 2020, 12:41 am ad1c9bdddf, Contributions of Greek Civilization to the West. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. Characters emerge as worthy or despicable basedon their degree of competence and bravery in battle. The views and beliefs of societies are often portrayed in the literature, art, and cinema of a certain era. They do not appear to have b… Philosophy: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. We can call it glory, or arete. Homer, the Greek, was born somewhere between the 12th and 8th century BC. In Homers epic, The Odyssey, various aspects of the ancient Greeks are revealed through the actions, characters, plot, and wording. By reading the two "novels," the reader is able to experience the three thousand years old society of Homer. Whatever else one might want to say about it, there is a level of revulsion to have seen the honorable Hector treated in such a disrespectful manner. People would often pay to hear the bards describe stories of the distant past. Admired through the ages as the ultimate epic, Homer's Iliad, along with its companion-piece, the Odyssey, was venerated by the ancient Greeks themselves as the cornerstone of their civilization. First of all, look at what makes a man noble in Greek society. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. During the Greek Dark Age, poets called bards traveled to different poli.The bards told stories in the form of long poems called epics. The Iliad and the Odyssey. This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! However, the death toll seems to rise, and with it are the children and widows who are left wondering just what is so glorious about it. Achilles is just as brutal as he is gifted at war. The Iliad details a short time toward the end of the war, while the Odyssey deals with a period, almost tens years later, when Odysseus is returning home after the war. Log in here. The Greeks' greatest warrior is Achilles, Mr. Invincible, but he is now … Moses I. Finley, in The World of Odysseus presents a picture of the society represented by the Iliad and the Odyssey, avoids the question as "beside the point that the narrative is a collection of fictions from beginning to end": 9 Finley was in a minority when his World of Odysseus first appeared in 1954. What the Greek classics tell us about grief and the importance of mourning the dead Homer’s Iliad is a historical poem written about story of the Trojan War of the kidnapping of Helen during 17th century B.C. Revenge is also most significant when Achilles vows to get revenge for the death … This is the currently selected item. Luebering , Executive Editorial Director. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. The Iliad [1] is a really old tale. The earliest accounts of this war come from Homer, who lived around the eighth century B.C., several centuries after the events took place. They built great palaces and developed a system of writing. How does the Iliad reveal the powers of the king, the noblemen, and the common soldiers in government during the Greek Middle Ages? Already a member? The dragging of Hector's body after he has killed the Trojan Prince is morally and politically repulsive. It took place around the time that a civilization that we call Mycenaean flourished in Greece. The Iliad and Greek Heroes. The focus of both poems are manly acts taken in … The Greeks had numerous values and customs, of which the primary principles are the mental characteristics of an individual, the physical ch… Prelude to the Peloponnesian War. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. The fact that war is the means by which all conflicts are solved helps to bring to light the fact that there is a certain level of savagery to Greek culture. We see this when we see Andromache plead for her husband not to go, only to be made a widow soon after. Practice: Classical Greece . Iliad means "poem of Ilios," one of the names of the city of Troy in Asia Minor*. According to Herodutus, … Classical Greek society. It tells the story of his nostos, or journey home, to northwest Greece during the ten-year period after the Greek victory over the Trojans. Yes it is true that by birth certain people are born into different levels of society. The poem begins with Agamemnon ’s refusal to give back the daughter of Apollo’s priest. Homer lived in the pre-Socratic era, and probably even around 2 centuries before Thales of Miletus (considered to be the first Greek philosopher by Aristotle). The war stirred the imagination of the ancient Greeks more than any other event in their history and was celebrated in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, as well as a number of other early works now lost, and frequently provided material for the great dramatists of the Classical Age. Practice: Classical Greek society. The Iliad: The Iliad tells the final chapter in the story of two major Bronze Age “Greek” alliances battling each other. At times, the role of the gods can seem metaphorical, explaining strange changes in the moods and strength of men. Achilles is Seriously Miffed. The Greeks & the Romans: Purpose & Suffering, Ancient Greek (including Minoan and Mycenaean) culture & history. The Iliad reveals many things about Greek society if you take a closer look. Many readers think of "The Iliad" as a daunting text. But Caroline Alexander, whose new translation of the classic work by Homer comes out Nov. 24, … Yet, undercutting all of this is a particular savagery and brutality that marks the culture and all who live in it. Of the many realities shown about the Greek culture, I think Homer does a good job of showing how savage the society truly is. The Iliad tells the story of the Greek struggle to rescue Helen, a Greek queen, from her Trojan captors. It's currently estimated that it dates back to about 1260–1180 BC during Greece’s Bronze Age. Homer uses his skill as a playwright, poet, and philosopher to inform the audience of the history, prides, and achievements of the ancient Greeks, and, also, to tell of the many values and the multi-faceted culture of the ancient Greek caste. Though rivals they may be, each has earned his fame for their accomplishments in battle. These books simply gave people a guide and a lesson but these values were already in existence at that time. Homer’s Iliad tells a modern audience much about the lives of the Ancient Greeks and the text’s survival for a prolonged period of time after its original conception demonstrates the extent to which memory was a vital belief and social custom of the Ancient Greeks. Sign up now, Latest answer posted October 03, 2019 at 12:40:51 AM, Latest answer posted March 08, 2018 at 3:14:35 PM, Latest answer posted December 16, 2012 at 1:21:59 PM, Latest answer posted May 14, 2012 at 12:44:56 AM, Latest answer posted September 25, 2018 at 6:22:33 PM. Practice: Classical Greek culture and society. The Iliad reflects on Greek values because it includes Greek religion, poems, their culture, hospitality, and family. That is around or before 1200 B.C. However, the gods of the Iliad also sometimes act directly. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Belonging to the Iliad, possessing history informed by the Iliad, became cornerstones of ‘Greekness’, and of Greek identity. Why is Andromache called the "precious wife" of Hector in the story, From the conversation between Hector and Andromache in the. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Why does a conflict take place between Agamemnon and Achilles in the, Mention three things that would make a woman precious. It is true that this period in Greek history is where the foundations of modern democracy can been seen, but the king goes to war for glory and ... A brief synopsis of the corrolation between Homer's Iliad and Greek civilzation. Homer and the Gods of the Iliad: Belief or Impiety? Of the two epics, the Odyssey is the later both in setting and, probably, date of composition. Much of his life is a mystery. “The Iliad“ (Gr: “Iliás“) is an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer, which recounts some of the significant events of the final weeks of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of the city of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios or Ilium in ancient times). One of the greatest epics of ancient Greece, the Iliad tells of events during the final year of the Trojan War*. 1. The Greek poet Homer is credited with creating the Iliad. Classical Greek culture. The epic poems, The Iliad and Odyssey, give scholars and historians an idea how the Ancient Greek lived their everyday lives. One can make a strong argument that The Iliadseemsto celebrate war. Classical Greek Society and Culture. During this period of time the King is still the most important figure. The poem gives a glimpse on how the respective roles of women and men and how their generation were taught in the Greece society at the time. There is much in way of glory that is displayed, and much more in way of honor. For a discussion of the Iliad’s relationship to ancient Greek myth, see Greek mythology: Sources of myth. Heroes and the Homeric Iliad By Gregory Nagy. The Trojan War is thought to have taken place near the end of the Bronze Age. The Odyssey takes the fall of the city of Troy as its starting point and crafts a new epic around the struggle of one of those Greek warriors, the hero Odysseus. Revenge in The Iliad begins when Achilles quits fighting to get revenge on Agamemnon for taking away Briseus. For examples of the similes used in the Iliad , see epic simile . Paris, forexample, doesn’t like to fight, and correspondingly receives thescorn of both his family and his lover. But the one major theme that is portrayed throughout the Iliad is 'Glory.' Are you a teacher? He would certainly not, therefore, have the knowledge of ethical and moral philosophy we have, and may well have not made a mental distinction between morality, ethics and values. The direct effect of this is felt when Apollo rains plague on the Achaean troops. It ends when the Achaeans (people mainly from what we now call Greece) sack Troy/Ilium (located in modern day Turkey). The Iliad demonstrates how individuals can be heroic and how pride is a bad attribute. The text itself seems to supportthis means of judging character and extends it even to the gods.The epi… Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero's within the Greek way of life. Start studying Analyzing Ancient Greek Culture in the Iliad. Yes it is true that by birth certain people are born into different levels of society. He is famous for writing "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey". A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The Odyssey promotes hospitality and describes the downsides of seeking comfort over family. The Iliad reveals many things about Greek society if you take a closer look. A tale of wandering, it takes p… The Iliad and the Odyssey are poems relating adventures surrounding the Trojan War. During this period, nothing distinguishes a man more than glory in battle. First of all, look at what makes a man noble in Greek society. It can be called Classical nostalgia. The pillaging of Troy is also a moment where there is a certain amount of repugnance to Greek society. An attempt to explain what can be learned from the writing of Homer. Greek epics show why lamentation and memorial are so important and what we can learn in these times. Additionally, the Iliad reveals much about the religious life of the early Greeks: how sacrifices were carried out, for example, or beliefs about the power of fate. You see this in the descriptions of Achilles and Hector. Achilles, on the other hand,wins eternal glory by explicitly rejecting the option of a long,comfortable, uneventful life at home. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. The pillaging of Troy is also a moment where there is a certain amount of repugnance to Greek society. 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