Senjed (Persian Olive) With the scientific name of Elaeagnus Angustifolia, Persian olive (also called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive) is a small dried fruit from West and Central Asia.Also, it is now widely established in North America as an Invasive Exotic Plants of Canada Fact Sheet No. The caterpillars of the high altitude alpine moth Lachana alpherakii use it as a host plant. Russian olive is not toxic to animals and the fruits are attractive to some wildlife. The Russian olive tree (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) grows as a tree or a small shrub with thorns. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Oleaster Family – Elaeagnaceae. Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Origin: East Asia Background Autumn olive was introduced into the United States in 1830 and widely planted as an ornamental, for wildlife habitat, as windbreaks and to restore deforested Ahmadiani A, Hosseiny J, Semnanian S, Javan M, Saeedi F, Kamalinejad M and Saremi S: The ant-inociceptive and the anti-inflammatory effects of the Elaeagnus angustifolia fruit extract. Nutrition Impact Control Interesting Facts Bibliography Scientific Name: Elaeagnus angustifolia Common Name: Russian olive Threat T o MAINE Research Summary: Rachel B. Olea oleaster, the wild-olive, has been considered by various botanists a valid species and a subspecies of the cultivated olive tree, Olea europea, which is a tree of multiple origins that was domesticated, it now appears, at various places during the fourth and third millennia BCE, selected from varying local populations. Parkinson noted that it rarely perfected its fruit (noted by Coats 1992). Species Common name Country found Veriﬁed uses References 1 Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian olive, … Threatens cottonwood and willow trees, chokes irrigation canals. It was introduced in the 1930s and promoted in the 1950s as a great food for wildlife. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. The species was introduced into North America by the late 19th century, and was both planted and spread through the consumption of its fruits (which seldom ripen in England), by birds, which disperse the seeds. Invasive.org . , E. angustifolia has a long history of cultivation. Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Its quick-spreading root system can make it pest-like. -45 degrees Celcius to 46 degrees Celcius. The studies species of elaeagnus genus, their common names, geographical distribution and veriﬁed functions. Bittersweet Nightshade, Solanum dulcamara L. Chestnut Blight, Cryphonectria parasitica, Chinese Mystery Snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis malleatus. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Plants who get sick from too much nitrogen die off, while the Autumn and Russian olives thrive. By the middle of the 1920’s, it became naturalized York, Cumberland, Piscataquis, Somerset, Penobscot, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Androscoggin, This species was introduced because it escaped cultivation in the U.S in the early 1800s and. A shrub or small tree that grows up to 35 feet tall. The Russian olive is a dicotyledon plant. Flowers are 1.2-1.5 inches long, wide, silvery outside, yellowy inside, and appear in May and June. The tree or shrub spreads up to 20 feet using In fact, I had never heard of it before I researched it. Grow the good life with our range of seeds, bulbs, plants You can use this federal website for a full description. It is invasive in all U.S states except Florida, Hawaii, Alaska, Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut. It often invades riparian habitats where the canopy of cottonwood trees has died. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Location: Standley Lake Regional Park, Westminster, CO, USA The Russian Olive tree is a very common species in Colorado, especially in the eastern half of the state. The shrub can fix nitrogen in its roots, enabling it to grow on bare mineral substrates. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan. The berries are ripe now. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan.As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. Chokes out plant sunlight and soaks it up.  It is now widely grown across southern and central Europe as a drought and cold-resistant ornamental plant for its scented flowers, edible fruit, attractive yellow foliage, and black bark.. My observations on doing my research was that the Russian olive is more of a threat than I thought it would! The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4–9 cm (1 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) long and 1–2.5 cm (3⁄8–1 in) broad, with a smooth margin. Back to Invasive Plant Photos and Information Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Photo: Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugoood.org About Autumn Olive: An Invasive Species in Maryland Life cycle/information: This deciduous woody plant was introduced from Asia to the United States in 1830. It is planted for decoration and has now become invasive. Abstract Two experiments were conducted to determine patterns of N change in tissues of autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. Newly-formed fruits are silver, but become a tan or brown as they mature. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. It can also withstand flooding, silting, and drought. It was introduced to North America in the early 1900s as a landscaping tree because it was thought to be useful as a windbreak, soil stabilizer, and habitat provider. Invasive.org is a joint project of the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and USDA APHIS PPQ, , 4 May 2010. J Ethnopharmacol 2000; 72: 287-92. You can kill Russian olive, like all plants, by severe lack of water. There has been a law made in counties in Utah, New Mexico, and Nevada, stating that it is illegal for the land owner to allow the plant to grow within those states and counties. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, 4–9 cm (1 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) long and 1.0–2.5 cm (3⁄8–1 in) broad, with a smooth margin. If the invasive Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus umbellata) or Russian olive ( Elaeagnus angustifolia) take root in poor, barren dirt, they simply start fixing nitrogen in the soil around their roots. The plants begin to flower and fruit from 3 years old. If it is planted near the highway, it drives birds into the highway, and potentially kills them.  The fruit is readily eaten and the seeds disseminated by many species of birds. It is native to eastern Europe and western Asia. Mowing, cutting, burning, excavation, spraying, girdling, and bulldozing have been used to control. No. It was described as Zizyphus cappadocica by John Gerard, and was grown by John Parkinson by 1633, and was also grown in Germany in 1736. It is also one of the seven items which are used in Haft Seen or the seven 'S's which is a traditional table setting of Nowruz, the traditional Persian spring celebration. Goats and sheep eating it can slow the growing/ spreading of it. You know when it has taken over an ecosystem if it has crowded out native species, and if there are a lot bunched together. It prefers moist areas, but it can withstand soil textures ranging from sand to heavy clay. Dicotyledons, or a flowering plant with two seed leaves.  Russian olive is considered to be an invasive species in many places in the United States because it thrives on poor soil, has high seedling survival rates, matures in a few years, and out-competes the native vegetation. Establishment and reproduction of E. angustifolia is primarily by seed, although some spread by vegetative propagation also occurs.. This plant usually grows as semi-evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees with the height between 2 meters and 8 meters while the trunks can grow up to 0.3 meters in diameter. There was no significant difference between the ash of Elaeagnus angustifolia powder supplied in grocery and nut shops (3.39 ± 1.52 (%) in grocery shops vs. 3.87 ± 2.07 (%) in nut shops, p >0.05). 14. National Botanical Services, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Invades natural areas and is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. The fruits are sweet, though with a dryish, mealy texture.. In one study entitled, "Investigation of the Direct Effects of the Alcoholic Extract of Elaeagnus angustifolia on Dispersed Intestinal Smooth Muscle Cells of Guinea Pig", it was discovered that the fruit extract was effective against ulcers. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 metres (16–23 ft) in height. In Iran, the dried powder of the fruit is used mixed with milk for rheumatoid arthritis and joint pains. Its common name comes from its similarity in appearance to the olive (Olea europaea), in a different botanical family, the Oleaceae. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive is a perennial deciduous tree native to Europe and Asia. Oleaster Tree: Facts Here is some general information on oleaster trees. Seema Patel: Fruits 70 (2015) 191–199 193 Table I. It ranges in height from 12 feet to 45 feet. (Sci Pharm, 2006; 74:21.) The species moved west with early settlers. Elaeagnus umbellata autumn olive oleaster This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. As of 2020[update], it is widely established in North America as an introduced species.. In this area, “Autumn-olive is a many-branched, deciduous shrub or shrubby tree, growing 10 to16 feet (3-5 meters) tall." They do not move, and members. Elaeagnus angustifolia: leaf blades oblong-lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, 3-8 times as long as wide, calyx lobes about as long as the basal connate portion, and fruit yellow or silver (vs. E. umbellata, with leaf blades elliptic to ovate-oblong, up to 3 times as long as wide, calyx lobes about 1/2 as long as the basal connate portion, and fruit red with silver scales). Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) in height. When people and animals leave the roots behind they repeatedly re-sprout and keep spreading. There is evidence supporting beneficial effects of aqueous extract of Persian olive in reducing the symptoms of osteoarthritis with an efficacy comparable to that of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (oleaster, Russian olive, Wild olive) belongs to the genus Elaeagnus of Elaeagnacea (Araliaceae) family. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn Olive fruit (Photo By: VoDeTan2 / Wikimedia Commons) Autumn Olive ( Elaeagnus umbellata ) is an invasive shrub in central and eastern United States. The research was very difficult to do because it really doesn't seem like my species is researched much, so people don't really write about it. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), which grows in USDA zones 3 through 7, is a deciduous tree or large shrub, with silvery leaves and fruits that look like olives. Russian-olive (E. angustifolia), another introduced and invasive Elaeagnus in North America, sprouts from the root crown following fire (see FEIS botanical and ecological summary for Russian-olive). It was present in most western states by the early 1900's being used as an ornamental plant and a wind break. Fruits contain one large seed that is 1 cm long. It’s a flowering plant that produces seeds enclosed in an ovary. "Efficacy of Elaeagnus Angustifolia extract in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial", United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elaeagnus_angustifolia&oldid=987267964, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 23:35. and black alder (Alnus glutinosa [L.] Gaertn.) The highly aromatic flowers, produced in clusters of one to three, are 1 cm long with a four-lobed creamy yellow calyx; they appear in early summer and are followed by clusters of fruit, a small cherry-like drupe 1.0–1.7 cm (3⁄8–11⁄16 in) long, orange-red covered in silvery scales. It is a species of Elaeagnus native to China, Korea, and Japan. Goumi Berry or Elaeagnus multiflora is also known as the cherry Elaeagnus, cherry silverberry, goumi, gumi, or natsugumi. This shrub’s silvery foliage, showy flowers, and colorful berries made it popular in landscaping, though it was also planted extensively for a period of time in natural areas to provide erosion control, wind breaks, and wildlife food. You can make shallow, overlapping cuts near the base of the tree, and spray herbicide in them. It is eukaryotic, and has many cells. I used a lot of resources because most of what I found didn't have the information I needed, so I kept on searching and searching until I found what I was looking for. 2 E. angustifolia L. is a deciduous tree or large shrub which is commonly … Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. The fields are full of this (mostly) escaped silvery leaved shrub. Goumi Berry Quick Facts Name: Goumi Berry Scientific Name: Elaeagnus multiflora Origin China, Korea and Japan Colors Orange with silvery scales when young turning to dark red to scarlet when properly ripe Shapes Round to oval drupe 1 cm long and hang on Eurasian Milfoil, Myriophyllym spicatum L. Harry-Clawed Shore Crab, Hemigrapsus penicillatus, Lacy crust Bryozoan, Membranipora membranacea, Oriental Bittersweet, Celastrus orbiculatus, Small-flowered Tickle Grass, Deschampsia cespitosa, Variable Watermilfoil, Myriophyllum heterophyllum, Yellow Floating Heart, Nymphoides peltata, White-nose syndrome Fungus, Geomyces destructans, Asian Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, Brown Spruce Longhorn Beetle, Tetropium fuscum, Chinese Mystery Snail, Cipangopaludina chinensis, Galerucella Beetle, Galerucella calmariensis/Galerucella pusilla, Japanese Stiltgrass, Microstegium vimineum, Mile-a-Minute Weed, Polygonun perfoliatum, Porcelain-berry, Ampelopsis brevipedunculat, www.umext.maine.edu/onlinepubs/PDFpubs/2525.pdf, http://www.columbia.edu/itc/cerc/danoff-burg/invasion_bio/inv_spp_summ/Elaeagnus_angustifolia.htm, http://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/nr/2007/fs0739.pdf, http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/pages/detailreport.cfm@usernumber=46&surveynumber=182.php, www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Elaeagnus+angustifolia&burl=, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELAN, http://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=3022, http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/invasivetutorial/russian_autumn_olive_M_C.htm, http://wiki.bugwood.org/Elaeagnus_angustifolia, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Elaeagnus%20angustifolia. The abundance of fruit, which is readily dispersed by birds, is key to the success of this species. 1 There are more than 90 species of the Elaeagnus found around the world which are mainly distributed in subtropical regions of Asia, Europe and some parts of North America. From the East Coast as far west as Nebraska, autumn olive is an aggressive in… All these facts suggest that it would be interesting to confirm and extend the present findings, working with different bacterial species, and with varying experimental conditions. Latin name: Elaeagnus angustifolia Synonyms: Elaeagnus argentea, Elaeagnus hortensis Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Medicinal use of Oleaster: The oil from the seeds is used with syrup as an electuary in the treatment of catarrh and bronchial in Nevada and Utah, and in Colorado in the 1950’s. Young branches are silver, old branches brown. Cottonwood (also invasive) shades out the smaller Russian Olive plants. 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