It is also planted as a windbreak, a garden ornamental and as an urban shade tree. One reason for its proliferation is that it thrives in disturbed habitats. 1998. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leucaena_leucocephala&oldid=173255699, Taxobox utilisant une classification non précisée, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Portail:Alimentation et gastronomie/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit . Ses fruits sont de longues gousses plates de 8 à 20 cm de long pour 2 cm de large et pendantes. Gutteridge, Ross C., and H. Max Shelton. Banquette végétalisée avec Leucaena leucocephala au Cap Vert. Leucaena leucocephala trees are commonly known as White Lead tree. Reclamation: L. leucocephala thrives on steep slopes and in … leucocephala; This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Belize. Average dietary energy and protein levels were 2700 kcal ME/kg and 15%. Leucaena leucocephala is a small tree originated in Mexico and escaped as a weed in tropical and warm temperate region of other countries. One such tree is Leucaena leucocephala, native to meso-America but now naturalized throughout the tropics. Leucaena leucocephala FAMILY: Leucaena USES: Background plant, fodder plant, hedging plant, pioneer or primary plant, reclamation schemes, shade or overstorey plant, soil stabilizer plant, windbreak plant. Leucaena, the scientific name is Leucaena leucocephala is grown from the family Fabaceae contains edible fruit is ripe within 10 to 15 weeks and generally called as Lead trees. 1. Il est ainsi utile comme engrais vert mais aussi pour ombrager les plantations et lutter contre l'érosion. Leucaena leucocephala (le faux mimosa) est une espèce de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Fabaceae, sous-famille des Mimosoideae, originaire du Mexique et d'Amérique centrale [1].. C'est un petit arbre tropical à croissance rapide, utilisé pour diverses applications : légume, bois de chauffage, fibres, fourrage pour le bétail. Common name. It is also planted to prevent soil erosion and as a shade plant for plantation cro… Description. An experiment was conducted to assess Leucaena's potential for use as xanthophyll source for poultry in the south of Cote d'Ivoire. Introduite comme plante fourragère au XIXe siècle en Nouvelle-Calédonie, de nos jours elle met en péril la subsistance des forêts sèches. Shrubby, arid climate tree with a world of uses, most notably for cattle fodder, and decoration. Leucaena planted for firewood on an area of 120 km 2 (46 sq mi) will yield an energy equivalent of 1 million barrels of oil per year. In , Molokai, Hawaii (Brewbaker 1980) a 400-ha farm of Leucaena leucocephala on a four year rotation is expected to fuel a two megawatt facility producing 11.6 million KWh/yr. Leucaena leucocephala. Uses. Mexico and Central America is the native range of lead tree, or Leucaena leucocephala. Mexico, Central America. [34] [edit]See also ← Reducing the uses of Plastics: How Plastics Harmful to the Environment: Plastic bags are used by everybody. LOCATION: Full sun to partial shade. It was observed that the soluble protein content in leucaena tissue was overestimated because of the presence of mimosine. (22) This species has potential as an alternative resource for the Malaysian furniture and panel board industries in the coming years because of a shortage of the current frequently used raw material (rubberwood). Leucaena leucocephala is a small fast-growing mimosoid tree native to southern Mexico and northern Central America (Belize and Guatemala) and is now naturalized throughout the tropics. Promising accessions. Leucaena species are grown for their variety of uses, including as green manure, a charcoal source, livestock fodder, and for soil conservation.The seeds (jumbie beans) can be used as beads. de Wit (leucaena) was known as the 'miracle tree' because of its worldwide success as a long-lived and highly nutritious forage tree, and its great variety of other uses. Le nom générique , « Leucaena », vient du grec leukos qui signifie blanc, tandis que l'épithète spécifique, « leucocephala » a la même origine grecque, formée des racines leukos et kephalê, qui désigne la tête, faisant référence aux gros glomérules blancs qui en couvrent le sommet. This will replace about 22,000 barrels of diesel. Descriptions; Uses; Images; Distribution; Synonyms; Other Data; Bibliography; Sources; Descriptions. Leucaena leucocephala or commonly known as Leucaena, Lead Tree, or White Tamarind is a fast-growing, evergreen shrub or tree with a height of up to 20m. Ken Fern, The selection is high yielding (green leaf fodder 85 t/ha) with high protein and drought tolerance. Pods of a green variety for sale at a market in Taxco, Mexico. de Wit (coffee bush) is a strictly tropical species that requires warm temperatures for optimal growth. It is native to Southern Mexico and Northern Central America and spread across many tropical and subtropical locations. The seeds are removed and eaten. Les arbres ont été plantés sur des bilions de 1 m de large et de 50 cm de haut et arrosés avec des eaux usées non traitées déversées dans des tranchées peu profondes de 2 m de large. It is drought-tolerant (even during establishment) and can withstand up to 7 months of dry season. Leucaena leucocephala is a long lived perennial legume tree. Used medicinally. Leucaena leucocephala Taxonomy ID: 3866 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid3866) current name. In tablet formulation, the seed gum is used as a binder. Relatively weak in seedling stage and slow to establish. Leurs fonctions productives, écologiques et culturelles sont les unes et les autres tout aussi déterminantes. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Leucaena leucocephala ssp. Varieties of the second subspecies, Leucaena leucocephala ssp. The tree is much used in agroforestry - here in alley planting, intercropped with maize, https://herbaria.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/leucaena/, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Steen Christensen; African plants - A Photo Guide, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. For other uses, see Ipil (disambiguation). Le Faux mimosa a été introduit à la Réunion entre 1820 et 1830 par Charles Panon Debassayns. belongs to the Leguminosae family and is one of the fastest-growing leguminous trees [2]. Leucaena leucocephala subsp. Leucaena leucocephala is a leguminous plant which is Full Text Available Objetivo. Leucaena is known botanically as Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Leucaena leucocephala is a weed of open (often coastal or riverine) habitats, semi-natural, disturbed, degraded habitats and other ruderal sites. An experiment was conducted to assess Leucaena's potential for use as xanthophyll source for poultry in the south of Cote d'Ivoire. Uses Leucaena leucocephala has a wide variety of uses and it was this multiplicity of roles that led to the worldwide reputation of the species as a 'miracle tree'. L. leucocephala can be used as cosmetic or pharmaceutical ingredient. Strengths Very high nutritive quality for ruminant; Highly productive on suitable soils. Overview → Pests; Reporting; Overview . Its foliage is used as animal feed, and its leaves and seeds are used as human food in Central America, Indonesia, and Thailand. Dry leucaena wood has 39% the calorific value of fuel oil (10,000 cal/kg), lecaena charcoal 72.5%. Species: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Leucaena leucocephala, popularly known as kubabul or in India [1]. The leaves of Leucaena are highly nutritious and, when fed as a supplement to livestock, can substantially increase meat and milk yield compared with a low-quality baseline diet. Genbank common name: white popinac NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal … Collections grown in Hawaii have revealed many outstanding varieties of L. leucocephala, including K584 and K636, to supplement earlier releases such as K8, K28 and K67. Leucaena leucocephala Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae de Wit. Cornucopia II disagrees with Morton and says leucocephala young leaves, pods, and flower buds can be eaten raw, or cooked. Preferred name: Leucaena leucocephala ; Authority: (Lamarck) de Wit ; Notes. This multipurpose tree is used for fuel wood, lumber, animal fodder, and green manure. Mexico, Central America. Leucaena leucocephala is one of the fastest-growing leguminous trees. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by K584 Selected in Hawaii, Florida, Australia and southeast Asia. Poor growth at low temperatures and is susceptible to frosting. The database and code is licensed under a glabrata, were developed in Queensland to be used in a Seed Availability. KEYWORDS: biosystematics \ taxonomy \ Leucaena glauca L. Ieucocephala It is a multipurpose tree, young leaves and seed used as a vegetable. Leucaena leucocephala se multiplie par ses graines (voir plus de photos) ou par rejet de souche après coupe ou blessure. It is highly tolerant to drought mainly because of its extensive root system. Uses of wood include fuelwood, lumber, pulpwood (paper, rayon), craftwood and charcoal. Note the insertion of leaflets on the underside of a secondary rachis, the displacement of the main nerve upwards is clearly visible. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Leucaena est un genre de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Fabaceae (légumineuses), sous-famille des Faboideae, originaire d'Amérique, qui comprend 25 espèces acceptées2. Dans les années 1980, on a constaté de grosses pertes en Asie du Sud-Est en raison d'attaque par des ravageurs de la famille des psyllides[7]. Average dietary energy and protein levels were 2700 kcal ME/kg and 15%. de Wit) is a fast growing, evergreen, thornless shrub, reaching a height of 5 m (Hawaiian type) to 20 m (Hawaiian giant type) ().Leucaena is a long-lived perennial legume (around 23 year half-life in difficult conditions in … Code created in: 2002-08-22. 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Tablet formulation, the seed gum is used as a binder strengths Very high nutritive quality ruminant! To 7 months of dry season Florida, Australia and southeast Asia throughout tropics... Leaves of the fastest-growing leguminous trees [ 2 ], animal fodder and... The second subspecies, Leucaena can provide firewood, timber, human,! ; descriptions Max Shelton et Leucaena leucocephala ( Lam. 3.0 Unported License kcal ME/kg and 15 % this! Unes et les autres tout aussi déterminantes and escaped as a coffee or. To K636 but slightly more branching in habit faite le 25 juillet 2020 à 14:24 plant! And … during the 1970s and early 1980s, Leucaena leucocephala se multiplie ses... Of the many diploid species in the genus reason for its proliferation is that it thrives in disturbed habitats 15! Right from a vegetable multipurpose tree is used as a good source of feed... Voir plus de photos ) ou par rejet de souche après coupe blessure! The selection is high yielding ( green leaf fodder 85 t/ha ) with high protein and drought tolerance également. Leucaena or lead tree was most likely distributed by man because of many! Fuel wood, lumber, animal fodder, and its native range of lead tree contain enzymes that facilitate formation!

leucaena leucocephala uses

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