Posted at Sep 10 2014 09:45 AM | Updated as of Sep 10 2014 05:56 PM. What links poverty and poor health? Poverty in the Philippines, a chronic development issue that makes the country an outlier in Asia, is declining because of economic strength followed by job creation. In a July 2017 report, GlobalSource analysts said that the policy shift would likely add to political risks under Mr. Duterte, even as they identified the merits of other financing schemes. Most … Infrastructure needs under this portion change as the economic base shifts among agriculture, manufacturing ser- vices, government, and foreign trade. A classroom in Godineşti in Gorj county, Romania. According to a June 28 report, BMI Research said the government’s decision to diversify financing for big-ticket projects from PPP to state or donor-funded schemes could initially hurt investor appetite, but should eventually bode well for the country. The effect of coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 on the Philippine economy for the rest of the year deserves attention. “With sound macroeconomic fundamentals, effective policy reforms, and an aggressive infrastructure program, the Philippines is poised for an economic breakthrough. Brunei was not included in the ranking. All Rights Reserved. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2012-13), the Philippines had a dismal performance by placing seventh among eight countries in Southeast Asia in the “Quality of Asian Infrastructure Report.” The poor state of Africa's infrastructure becomes obvious when traveling 1,800 kilometers (1,118 miles) by train from Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia. Philippines' water and sanitation crisis. By synchronizing the prioritization of programs and projects on one hand and allocating appropriate funding across government agencies on the other, the government ensures that only programs and projects that are strategic and critical to the realization of developmental goals shall be prioritized for funding. Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health. In 2002, the ADB called on the Arroyo government, which was among the previous administrations rife with projects financed through ODA, to improve its use of foreign assistance as a means of easing poverty in the country. “The bidding must be more consistent and stable,” said Neri. “A China-ODA [arrangement] would mean only Chinese contractors, suppliers, managers, and even workers would do the work. 1 confirms that, between 2004 and 2010, infrastructure indicator scores deteriorated slightly in relation to air transport, ports and railroads, while the score on road infrastructure … MANILA, Philippines - Hotel developers and operators are expected to benefit from the expected growth in the Philippine tourism industry over the … Furthermore, he said the insufficient capacity of the country’s mass-transport system, specifically the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) 3 system, exacerbates the problem as the daily commuters have to brave the long lines to buy a ticket. Though the country has relatively high access levels to water, sanitation, and electricity, service levels have failed to keep up with rapid population growth and urbanization. There has been little sign of the Philippines’ capacity to implement its P8.4-trillion infrastructure spending plan over the next five years, it said. However, Chan says … Subsequently, the paper simulates alternative ways to enhance public infrastructure and their macroeconomic effects using the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and … Neri also said the country’s low infrastructure spending as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) is among the lowest in Asia, consistently below 3 percent in recent years. “Infrastructure can be our weakest link. Although the country’s APII score was above Indonesia’s 0.278, Lao People’s Democratic Republic’s 0.225, Myanmar’s 0.198, and Cambodia’s 0.186, it fell below Thailand (0.418), Vietnam (0.419), Malaysia (0.502), and Singapore (0.708). The Philippines’ crumbling infrastructure has also resulted in transport and economic woes. (Photo: Chiara Amato / World Bank) Buildings, classrooms, laboratories, and equipment- education infrastructure - are crucial elements of learning environments in schools and universities. The ranking placed the country 24th out of the 41 Asia and the Pacific countries, putting it in between Pakistan’s 0.311 and Samoa’s 0.350. Poor quality of infrastructure can offset economic gains. As a developing country, the Philippines during the martial law was one of the heaviest borrowers. Singapore was ranked first (6.5), while Malaysia achieved the second-highest score (5.4) and Brunei Darussalam (5.1).  In overall quality, the Philippines achieved a score of 3.6, only ahead of Vietnam’s 3.2. All of these significantly reduce the project’s value and hamper the attainment of project objectives. It noted that the state’s poor use of ODA continued to burden the government with additional costs while delaying program and, With a large political capital and plenty of financing options at its disposal, the Duterte government must work double time to. Neri cited the infrastructure backlog has caused a lot of challenges to the economy. Thus, although more attention has traditionally been given to hard infrastructure, the impact of soft infrastructure on trade flows must also be more thoroughly examined. The Philippines suffers from unemployment and poverty because of poor infrastructure. Infrastructure plays an important role in this development process. After benchmarking the Philippines’ level of infrastructure investment, quantity and quality of public While these ODAs carry extremely low interest rates and easy repayment schemes, they mostly require goods and services to be procured from the donor country, leaving Filipino contractors feeling sidelined after initially becoming enthusiastic about the prospects of the government’s aggressive infrastructure push. As many governments around the world struggle with fiscal deficits, the PPP model has become a preferred mode of meeting infrastructure requirements. This shift will help reduce the likelihood of contractual disputes and uncertainty over financing that has weighed on proposed PPPs, thereby improving overall project implementation,” they added. Philippine history has shown that a newly elected president has always delayed — if not outright abandoned — pet projects pursued by predecessors. In order to accelerate infrastructure development in the country, Neda through the Philippine Development Plan said the following strategies should be implemented: Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. However, regulatory uncertainty and sloppy bidding procedures have prevented the government from implementing other projects. Definitely, external leveraging may be costly in the near term but it can pay off in the long run and benefit the country,” stressed Emilio Neri Jr., lead economist at the Bank of Philippine Islands (BPI), in a lecture of macroeconomic principles held in the head office of the bank. secure internet servers are found to have positive trade effects for both exporters and importers in Asia. He said the daily monstrous traffic jams on the major thoroughfares of the country such as Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (Edsa) and President Carlos P. Garcia Avenue (C5) have caused a lot of economic wastage in terms of productivity and fuel consumption. The good prospects … The Philippines had at least 2,084 cases and 88 deaths as of Tuesday. In the meantime, as the Philippines starts building more roads and modernizing ports, the private sector is still finding it hard to carve out a niche in this “golden age of infrastructure” with Mr. Duterte favoring foreign money to fund his massive infrastructure program. The Philippines’ crumbling infrastructure has also resulted in transport and economic woes. In particular, in the interest of job creation, the tax burden … During my … Last December, the Philippine Ports Authority also withdrew the Davao Sasa Port redevelopment from the PPP lineup to cut costs. Manila, which is located along the coast, is also densely populated, which makes it more difficult to evacuate, requires more social services and makes it more challenging to rebuild after a disaster. Neri said there must be consistency in the rules and policies for the government projects. AboutCareersPrivacyTermsContact UsAdvertise With Us, Poor quality of infrastructure can offset economic gains, Business,Top Stories,BPI,infrastructure,philippine economy,Economy,Jun Neri,BusinessMirror. The Philippines has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the world, and … Agriculture is the main source of income for rural inhabitants, primarily in farming and fishing. “The Philippine Development P“The Philippine Development P infrastructure sector in the Philippines with practical insights for . Synchronize planning and budgeting. But unlike its predecessor, the Duterte administration is more welcoming of unsolicited proposals, while criticizing the slow progress of PPP initiatives. Recall the Estrada administration’s move to scrap the Ramos government’s practice of providing sovereign guarantees for build-operate-transfer (BOT) projects. Poverty and poor health worldwide are inextricably linked. The impact of infrastructure on economic and social development is well documented in … President … Poor infrastructure, including ineffective drainage and sanitation systems, has been blamed for the toll of floods in the city, including a 2009 flood that submerged 80% of the city. The Philippines is a country rich both in natural resources (e.g., nickel, copper, gold, silver, and chromium), and human resources (close to 104 million people). So far, only six projects have been approved since the launching of the PPP in 2010. Obviously enough, that needs a lot of work. Dubbed as “Build, Build, Build,” the Duterte government’s aggressive infrastructure program aims to jack up infrastructure and social spending to about 7.1% of gross domestic product until the end of its term, in a bid to boost the economy to 7-8% growth next year until 2022 from 6.9% in 2016, and slash poverty incidence to 13-15% from 21.6% in 2015. The hospitable international environment for PPP is understandable. “Infrastructure can be our weakest link. Despite its growing economy, the Philippines faces significant challenges in terms of water and sanitation access. This ensures that the requirements of these subsectors are addressed within the fundamental levels of the infrastructure sector and that their contributions are fully utilized. This paper explores the macroeconomic effects of improving public infrastructure in the Philippines, modeling the infrastructure scale-up plan being implemented by the current administration. In the Philippines, where more than a quarter of the country's population of 92.3 million lives below the poverty line, economic and social inequality is a major problem. “You know in the past administration, they stopped all the projects for the first two years [to ensure systems are more transparent]… Here we did not; we approved everything. In May, the government removed the plan to develop five regional airports from the PPP pipeline in favor of “other modes” of funding. “Imagine Cambodia outscoring the Philippines in ports, 4.2 against our 3.3. A renewed emphasis on infrastructure in the Philippines is an opportunity to support further growth while addressing the more complex issues of poverty and inclusion. The same study also said transport cost will be 2.5 times higher by 2030 if congestion is not alleviated. “[N]ot many projects lend themselves to a PPP structure; and as government pursues more and more higher risk greenfield projects, a PPP arrangement may not necessarily bring value for money for government, particularly if it is forced to absorb a big share of the demand risk in order to make projects bankable.”. Poverty increases the chances of poor health. Since an administration is limited to only six years, it has little political or corporate brand to build and protect, Mr. Oplas said. The Philippines faces a high risk of natural disasters, including earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, and especially hurricanes. and the quality of public infrastructure are low in the Philippines, and that there is room for improvement in public investment efficiency. “While the lack of policy continuity would add to assessments of political risk under this administration, one can in fact see the merits of de-emphasizing PPP as the principal driver of the country’s infrastructure aspirations,” according to the report. INVESTMENT in “green” infrastructure can help the Philippines bounce back faster and become more resilient after the pandemic, according to a report published by the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI) and prepared with the Securities and Exchange Commision (SEC) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Neri said the survey should serve as a wake-up call for the Philippines because other countries have higher scores in areas where the country should have a stronger position. With a large political capital and plenty of financing options at its disposal, the Duterte government must work double time to  improve its capacity to absorb big-ticket infrastructure projects.  Improve project preparation, development and implementation. • The Philippines spends 30-50 percent less in infrastructure, health and education compared to its fast-growing neighbors. The infrastructure problems are felt in other ways as well. In an opinion piece published on BusinessWorld on June 2, 2017, Bienvenido S. Oplas, Jr., head of Minimal Government Thinkers and a Fellow of SEANET, identified “inherent problems and risks” with that change. Moreover, ODA funding has tight strings attached, he added. Economic growth in the Philippines has been dampened by economic policies that favored capital over labor and import-substituting industries over agriculture, and that led to underinvestment in the human capital of the poor. MANILA, Philippines - An economist of a major Philippine bank recently warned that the country’s poor quality of infrastructure can lead to an economic breakdown. Once underway, this “golden age of infrastructure” is expected to  reverse the backlog left by previous administrations, the current government said. 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The primary source of infrastructure financing in the Philippines remains to be the public budget. They also joined other observers in questioning the national government’s ability to take on these projects — citing, among others lack of technical expertise. Inadequate project preparation, poor project quality-at-entry, and poor project execution cause delays and changes in project scope and raise costs in the course of implementation. © 2020 ABS-CBN Corporation. However, the change in funding modes, despite its supposed advantages, has also been questioned by experts. These are the Daang Hari-Slex Link Road; PPP for School Infrastructure Project (Phase I); Ninoy Aquino International Airport Expressway Project; PPP for School Infrastructure Project (Phase II); Modernization of the Philippine Orthopedic Center (MPOC); Automatic Fare Collection System (AFCS) and the Mactan-Cebu International Airport Passenger Terminal Building. To address the infrastructure problem, the Aquino administration introduced the more than a dozen Private-Public-Partnership (PPP) projects. In 2002, the ADB called on the Arroyo government, which was among the previous administrations rife with projects financed through ODA, to improve its use of foreign assistance as a means of easing poverty in the country. The Aquino administration, during its incumbency, grounded the Arroyo government’s infrastructure portfolio, causing economic growth to slow sharply in 2011. Based on the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific’s Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2017, the Philippines scored 0.336 in the Access for Physical Infrastructure Index (APII) for 2015. The poor grades are largely attributed to a lack of infrastructure investment. He said the looming power crisis in 2015 is also a major concern that should be looked into as it is expected to cause major disruptions in the economy. After all, if the Philippines wanted to keep its growth engine humming, it needs to take care of, and even upgrade, its roads, bridges, and airports. As an archipelagic country, we should have the higher score against Cambodia,” said Neri. If hybrid model becomes the dominant mode in building important infrastructure projects, the financing scheme “[will] not bode well for Filipinos.”. But Mr. Duterte’s aides gave an assurance that the current administration will not abandon the previous administration’s “shovel-ready” projects. The National Economic and Development Authority (Neda) said the country’s tight fiscal situation was the root cause of the problem. The GDP of the Philippines rose during the martial law, rising from P55 million to P19.3 billion in about 8 years.This growth was spurred by massive lending from commercial banks, accounting for about 62% percent of external debt. The country has developed a … Indeed, Fig. “In the short term, ongoing revisions and modifications of proposed PPP projects will result in increased uncertainty in the Philippines’ infrastructure market, as projects previously launched under the PPP program are withdrawn and switched to other procurement modes,” BMI analysts said. “The MRT 3 issue is one big example of our infrastructure problem that needs to be addressed by the government immediately,” he said. The first thing is to ensure that every child gets a full education until the age of 18. It noted that the state’s poor use of ODA continued to burden the government with additional costs while delaying program and  (project benefits at that time. Coordinate and integrate infrastructure initiatives. Some had built homes in that area under a poor-housing scheme of the Cayagan de Oro mayor, who allowed people to settle in unsafe areas for 1 Philippine peso, or about 2 cents. A 2014 study by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) showed that, without intervention, traffic costs will likely surge to P6 billion a day by 2030 from P2.4 billion. The sudden change in funding modes is a departure from former President Benigno S. C. Aquino III’s high reliance on PPPs for major projects, which the Asian Development Bank (ADB) said must be continued by succeeding administrations. It also cited the uncertainty fueled by questions on the government’s change in preferred funding scheme for these big-ticket projects. Besides the ADB, the Philippines’ PPP program has also earned plaudits from JICA and Moody’s Investors Service. As a prior step, however, government agencies must demonstrate that proposed projects indeed make positive net contributions to national economic and social welfare. “We note while this will mean fewer opportunities for private investment in infrastructure. Within the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Philippines fared no better. According to Chua, financing the increase in investments will need to come from a combination of tax policy and administration reforms to make the tax system simpler, more efficient, and more equitable. The causes of poor health for millions globally are rooted in political, social and economic injustices. Insufficient infrastructure has been a major constraint to economic growth and poverty reduction in the Philippines. We now have the right ingredients and the right leaders to catch up with our ASEAN peers, and ultimately transform the Philippines into the ‘Asian tiger’ we are capable of becoming,” Budget Secretary Benjamin E. Diokno said in an opinion piece published by BusinessWorld on May 24, 2017. Meanwhile, analysts from international think tank GlobalSource Partners has taken a step back to see the bigger picture. Ian Nicolas P. Cigaral used to cover Malacañang for BusinessWorld. But it remains poor. Only after it does will it prevent a repeat of the previous administration’s slow infrastructure rollout. The former Davao mayor was right on the money. A 2014 study by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) showed that, without intervention, traffic costs will likely surge to P6 billion a day by 2030 from P2.4 billion. The government will also employ a “hybrid” model, in which construction is financed by the government or ODA and operation and maintenance is entrusted to the private sector. Local firms would be relegated to O&M (operation and maintenance) and their purchase of equipment and supplies might be constrained by the project specifications so that they will be forced to source these from China again,” Mr. Oplas said. With the absence of PPP while large-scale projects are still under construction, companies have opted to offering unsolicited proposals to take part in the government’s infrastructure drive. WHEN President Rodrigo R. Duterte won the race to Malacañang last year, he didn’t just promise to wipe out the narcotics trade, criminality, and corruption — he also vowed to improve the country’s poor infrastructure to help spur the economy. ... Mainland money has flooded into sectors spanning infrastructure, telecommunications and gaming. Moreover, some investors are apprehensive because rules might suddenly be changed while the project is already being implemented. Development initiatives across infrastructure subsectors shall be coordinated and integrated. As a result, “it can worry less of what the people would say after its term has ended especially if the project is later discovered to be of inferior quality and tainted with corruption.”. Intended outcomes are better realized if there is a coordinated and integrated strategy for infrastructure initiatives. To bankroll this huge infrastructure push, the Duterte administration said it will shift from public-private partnership (PPP) as the primary mode of financing and will rely more on public funding and official development assistance (ODA) to avoid delays and higher project costs. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. $7.6 billion has recently been approved to establish new infrastructure in the Philippines. So we are continuing moving ahead,” Finance Secretary Carlos G. Dominguez III said in a press briefing in Malacañang on July 6, 2017. Many parts of the Philippines experience regular blackouts, but in the last few months the power failures have hit … To address this, Mr. Duterte said he will upgrade the country’s dilapidated infrastructure, which his economic advisers qualified as one of the reasons why the Philippines, one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, had lagged behind its Southeast Asian peers for so long. The government of the Philippines is making efforts to attract foreign direct investment in the country by improving its infrastructure. MANILA, Philippines - An economist of a major Philippine bank recently warned that the country’s poor quality of infrastructure can lead to an economic breakdown. road infrastructure will help to lower distribution and inventory costs of businesses (LimãoandVenables2001;ShirleyandWinston2004).Unstableelectricitysupply can also become a heavy burden on the economy (e.g., Lee, Anas, and Oh 1996). “We expect that other major projects currently part of the PPP program will be withdrawn and relaunched as government-financed or ODA-backed initiatives over the coming months, as the Duterte administration attempts to accelerate infrastructure development in the Philippines,” the Fitch Group unit also said. Nearly 5 million people in the Philippines rely on unsafe and unsustainable water sources and 9 million lack access to improved sanitation. This suggests that, by international standards, the overall quality of Philippine infrastructure is relatively poor. 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